Every day we hear a bunch of words that leave an impression on us and we want to know more about them. Seeing the growing awareness among people about their surroundings, it is quite obvious that FINANCE is definitely among those words.
So, what comes to our minds when we hear FINANCE? Numbers, Money, Wall Street, Stocks, Balance Sheets, etcetera, etcetera. You are fascinated and impressed with the word and think if you should dig deeper and build a career out of it. Well, the good news is- You Definitely Can!
Finance is an industry that keeps growing around the globe. This sector consists of development financial institutions, commercial banks, non-banking financial companies, insurance companies cooperatives, mutual funds, payment banks, brokerage firms, savings/loan agencies, consumer finance firms, and real investment trusts.
In a nutshell, the financial sector is that segment of an economy that comprises companies and institutions that provide commercial and retail customers with financial services. The sector is engaged in activities such as investing, lending, insuring, securities trading and issuance, asset management, advising, accounting, and foreign exchange.
Before learning about the huge options available for building a career in Finance, let us understand why choosing a career in Finance is beneficial.
- Salary: This is the first question that pops up whenever we think of a job. “How much am I going to earn?” The answer to this simple question is – A lot! Generally, working in financial sectors pay you more than in other fields. The entry-level position in the field is one of the highest-paid. As you will continue growing in the field, accumulating different experiences and with hard work, the numbers in your pay-check will keep increasing.
- Security: “Will my Job be secure?” Of course, it will be! If we have learned anything about Finance till now, it is so evidently a demanding field. As long as there will be money in people’s hands, you will always have a job in Finance. The most important perk of being in this field is Job Security.
- Career Options: As stated above and as will be discussed later, Finance offers a wide, wide range of career options to professionals in this field.
- Growth: Finance is such a diverse topic about which you can never stop learning. It will give you an opportunity to keep growing in your job. You can always keep updating your financial education, keep acquiring degrees and keep going higher in your career.
Now, let us come to the core of our discussion: Financial Jobs You Have Today
Table of Contents
1. RETAIL AND COMMERCIAL BANKING:
Career options here include Bank tellers, Branch and Chief Managers, Loan officers, Marketing and Operations Executives. In this, customers are offered checking and savings accounts. You will have to accept deposits, lend money, issue credit, and debit cards, perform foreign currency exchanges, and offer other basic financial products to individuals and businesses, on behalf of your institution.
2. INVESTMENT BANKING:
These banks are intermediaries that help companies access capital markets. It basically creates capital for other companies, governments, and several entities. These banks help in complicated financial transactions, provide advice on the company’s worth, helps clients with acquisitions, mergers, or sales.
Sometimes, it also includes issuing securities for raising money for clients. Invest Bankers underwrite new debts and equity securities for all types of corporations, providing aid in the sale of securities. The career options here are- financial advisors, traders, analysts, portfolio managers, and associates.
3. VENTURE CAPITAL AND PRIVATE EQUITY:
In exchange for partial ownership or gaining a percentage of profits, these businesses involve investing money in different private companies. Venture Capitalists give funds to start-ups and other new businesses, which seem profitable in the long term. On the other hand, private equity is for more established and larger companies who seek to infuse equity and to transfer some of their ownership stakes. In this funding, some amount of risk is there but it is mostly calculated and is a risk worth taking.
In an organization, accountants play a very important role. The main job is to prepare, maintain, and examine the accuracy of financial statements for an organization. Accountants also might keep individuals as their clients. The balance sheets, income, and loss statements, cash flow statements, tax returns, basically all financial records need to be in compliance with laws and regulations, and it is the job of accountants to ensure that. As an accountant, you will also have to identify and resolve discrepancies in records, statements, or documented transactions.
The Insurance industry is booming. There are vacancies and if you have a suitable degree and the required skills, you can apply for a job here as an insurance salesperson, an agent, a customer service representative, or an actuary. This segment of the financial industry helps individuals and businesses to calculate and mitigate risks for financial loss.
6. FINANCIAL CONSULTANT/FINANCIAL ADVISOR:
They help companies and individuals about their financial situations and financial plans. They majorly give consultation on topics such as taxes, investments, and insurance decisions. Financial Advisors working in a firm, helps with their financial needs and other related activities.
Personal financial advisors offer personalized and customized financial advices, and work closely with their clients. They direct them for buying and selling of stocks and bonds on behalf of clients. Financial Advisors help clients with their investment needs and help manage their income, expenditure and savings habit. They also help with their retirement plans.
7. FINANCIAL ANALYSTS:
In an investment organization, the task of Financial Analyst is to examine the financials of outside companies for investments, buying and selling. Within an organization or corporation, the analysts mainly analyse the company’s finances and investments. Analysts would identify financial issues, reports and analysis.
They estimate future revenues, expenditures and investment plans. They prepare reports, conduct business studies, and develop forecast models. As an analyst, you will also have to research economic conditions, industry trends and fundamentals of companies. Analysts help in cost reduction.
From preparation of financial statements and reports summary, to predicting a business organization’s activity and financial positions, everything is done by controllers. They develop internal policies and procedures for an organization’s budget administration, cash and credit management and accounting functions.
9. FINANCIAL MANAGER:
The well-being of a company’s finances is managed by financial managers. As a Financial manager, you will have to come-up with strategies to meet all the short and long-term financial goals of the company.
10. MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT:
This job is to bring ideas and implement them to improve the organization’s structure and make it efficient. As a Management Consultant, you will have to ensure that your strategies will make the organization more profitable, the costs should be reduced and there should be a definite increase in revenue. There should be enough savings to meet all the needs of the company and also for investments.
11. ACCOUNTING MANAGERS:
The supervision of all the accountings of an organization is done by Accounting Managers. You will have to analyse and report financial information, assist with processing of taxes and create financial statements for reference. You will guide and assign tasks to the accounting team to reach the financial goals of a company. You will also have to recommend improvement for business procedures.
12. FINANCIAL AUDITORS:
The work of Financial Auditors is somewhat similar to that of an accountant. However, the roles are still very different. Auditors make risk assessments, analyse all the financial regulations and prevents the company from breaching them. A review of company’s financial statements is done by auditors. As an auditor, you will have to accurately maintain company’s public records and ensure their compliance with laws.
Auditors check the book, the practice of business and procedures, and suggest ways for cost reduction, revenue enhancements and profits. These professionals protect investors and help in maintaining transparency. You will play a very significant role as an auditor, because no company want a harm in its reputation, and the auditors ensure this.
13. RISK MANAGERS:
Risk managers are highly competent individuals who identify risks lurking in markets for the company. The job is to save companies from the consequences of poor investments. You will have to regularly come up with strategies that minimizes risk without affecting revenues and profits. The career options here include analysts, managers, consultants and advisors.
14. PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT:
When individuals or institutions look for investing their funds, they will have to consult a Portfolio Manager. In this job, you will have to manage day-to-day portfolio trading and will be responsible for investing a mutual, exchange traded or close-end fund’s assets. You will have to strategize and implement investments. To easily understand portfolio management, it basically requires knowledge of commerce and science both. It is the job of portfolio managers to guide their clients for decisions about allocation of assets.
15. BUDGET ANALYSTS:
The preparing of budget reports, organizing finances, monitoring institutional spending, regular review of financial plans and agendas of an organization, ensuring accuracy and compliance with regulations, and organizational objectives, all these are the responsibilities of Budget Analysts.
Quite impressed yet about the diverse career options available in Finance?
However, to land your job in this field, mere degree is not enough. Your academic qualifications is definitely a reflection of your understanding and working ability with numbers and finances, but your Curriculum Vitae (CV) should have practical experience. Here, Internships come into picture. They are very important to learn practically about your dream job. Moreover, by interning you will gain exposure to the outside world and build contacts. This will help in your placement. Another very important thing is to work on your analytical and problem-solving skills.
Working in Finance industry is not a cakewalk. It takes education, presence of mind and hard work to be established as a successful finance professional. True determination in early years of career can help you reach heights and help face new obstacles.